Dr. Kevin Lo is Assistant Professor of Geography at Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU), Associate Director of David C. Lam Institute for East-West Studies (LEWI), and Distinguished Overseas Professor at the Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Kevin is a human geographer with expertise in the interdisciplinary fields of environmental studies, energy studies, development studies, urban studies, rural studies, regional studies, and China studies. He has won several major competitive grants from the Research Grants Council (RGC) of Hong Kong, including the Early Career Scheme (ECS) and the General Research Fund (GRF), and has published in many leading journals, including Global Environmental Change, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Energy PolicyEnergy for Sustainable DevelopmentEnvironmental Science & PolicyCitiesHabitat International, and Journal of Rural Studies. In 2017, he found the Journal of Asian Energy Studies, an international peer-reviewed journal dedicated to interdisciplinary research on all aspects of energy studies in Asia. In 2019, he established HEAVEN (Health, Environment and Vulnerability Exploration Network), a collective of world-leading researchers aiming to conduct transdisciplinary research on environmental health. In 2020, he founded SustainLab Asia, a research group that focuses on socio-technical innovation as a driver for sustainable development in Asia.

Education

2014 PhD in Geography and Resource Management, University of Melbourne
2010 MEnv, University of Melbourne
2003 MSc in Multimedia Information System, Brunel University London
2002 BSc (Hons) in Computer Science and Information Systems, University of Hong Kong

Employment

From 2018 Associate Director, David C. Lam Institute for East-West Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University
From 2015 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University
2014-2015 Lecturer, Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University
2011-2014 Casual Lecturer and Tutor, University of Melbourne

Research Grants

2019 PI, Dr. Hung Hin Shiu Development Fund, Institute of Creativity. HEAVEN: Transdisciplinary research on complex environmental health problems (HKD 100,000).
2018 PI, General Research Fund (GRF), Research Grants Council. Decentralized climate governance and policy implementation in China: Unraveling a paradox (HKD 757,920).
2018 Co-I, Public Policy Research Funding Scheme (PPR), Central Policy Unit. Engaging the community to develop a model for sustainable energy futures: A case study of two prospective solar communities in Hong Kong (HKD 630,000).
2018 Co-I, Ford Foundation, China’s urban future: Policy, people, and social change (USD 206,000).
2018 Co-I, Faculty Research Grant, Hong Kong Baptist University. An exploratory energy study of the Smart Grid and Smart City data from Australia (HKD 50,000).
2017 PI, Early Career Scheme (ECS), Research Grants Council. China’s low-carbon city initiative: Authoritarian environmentalism and climate policy experimentation (HKD 820,000).
2017 Co-I, Faculty Research Grant, Hong Kong Baptist University. Environmental attitudes, sense of place and energy consumption behaviour in Hong Kong (HKD 50,000).
2016 PI, Talent Introduction Project, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CNY 400,000).
2016 PI, Digital Scholarship Grant, Hong Kong Baptist University. HK Solar Map: A GIS web application for rooftop photovoltaics (HKD 80,000).
2016 Co-I, Bartlett Synergy Grant, University College London. Urban energy innovation and transitions in China: Typologies, spatial patterns, and causal mechanisms (GBP 10,000).
2015 PI, Faculty Research Grant, Hong Kong Baptist University. Local climate governance in China: A systematic national survey of local low-carbon responses (HKD 49,000).

Awards and Honours

2020 Associate, Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, University of Melbourne
2017 Best Conference Paper Award, RSA Australasia Conference, Regional Studies Association
2016 Distinguished Overseas Professor, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
2014 Postgraduate Publishing Award, Melbourne School of Land and Environment
2013 Postgraduate Publishing Award, Melbourne School of Land and Environment
2009 Melbourne Global Scholars Award, University of Melbourne

Publications

Journal Articles and Book Chapters
2020 Castán Broto, V, Mah, D, Zhang, F, Huang, P, Lo, K and Westman, L. Spatiotemporal perspectives on urban energy transitions: a comparative study of three cities in China. Urban Transformations, 2, 11. (download)
2020 Lo, K. Ecological civilization, authoritarian environmentalism, and the eco-politics of extractive governance in China. The Extractive Industries and Society, 7, 1029-1035. (download)
2020 Lo, K. COVID-19 and sustainable energy development: Agendas for future research. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 4, 20-25. (download)
2020 Rogers, S, Li, J, Lo, K, Guo, H and Li, C. China’s rapidly evolving practice of poverty resettlement: Moving millions to eliminate poverty. Development Policy Review, 38, 541-554. (download)
2020 Liu, M and Lo, K. Pathways to international cooperation on climate governance in China: A comparative analysis. Journal of Chinese Governance. Online first.
2020 Lo, K. Governing energy consumption in China: a comprehensive assessment of the energy conservation target responsibility system. Energy Transitions, 4, 57-67. (download)
2020 Li, L, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Liu, W and Li, J. The evolution of regional economic resilience in the old industrial bases in China: A case study of Liaoning Province, China. Chinese Geographical Science, 30, 340-351. (download)
2020 Tong, W, Lo, K and Zhang, P. Land consolidation in rural China: Life satisfaction among resettlers and its determinants. Land, 9, 118.
2020 Lo, K, Li, H and Chen, K. Climate experimentation and the limits of top-down control: Local variation of climate pilots in China. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63, 109-126. (download)
2020 Li, H, Lo, K and Zhang, P. Population shrinkage in resource-dependent cities in China: Processes, patterns and drivers. Chinese Geographical Science, 30, 1-15. (download)
2020 Tan, J, Lo, K, Qiu, F, Zhang, X and Zhao, H. Regional economic resilience of resource‐based cities and influential factors during economic crises in China. Growth and Change, 51, 362-381. ()
2019 Lo, K and Castán Broto, V. Co-benefits, contradictions, and multi-level governance of low-carbon experimentation: Leveraging solar energy for sustainable development in China. Global Environmental Change. 59, 101993. (download)
2019 Tong, W, Zhu, L and Lo, K. Livelihood adaptation and life satisfaction among land-lost farmers: Critiquing China’s urbanisation-driven land appropriation. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 46, 149-161. (download)
2019 Lo, K, Li, J, Wang, M, Li, C, Li S and Li, Y. A comparative analysis of participating and non-participating households in pro-poor tourism in southern Shaanxi, China. Tourism Planning & Development, 16, 318-333. (download)
2019 Yang, Y and Lo, K. Experimentation under hierarchy and China’s low-carbon city development. Journal of Low Carbon Economy, 8, 71-81.
2019 Li, J, Guo, M and Lo, K. Estimating housing vacancy rates in rural China using power consumption data. Sustainability, 11, 5722.
2018 Li, J, Lo, K and Guo, M. What influences the choice between private car and public transport for shopping trips? Impact of socio-economic and built environment factors. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 2, 29-43.
2018 Guan, H, Liu, W, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Li J and Li L. Analyzing industrial structure evolution of old industrial cities using evolutionary resilience theory: A case study in Shenyang of China. Chinese Geographical Science, 28, 516-528.
2018 Mah, DNY, Wang, G, Lo, K, Leung, KHM, Hills, P and Lo, AY. Barriers and policy enablers for solar PV in cities: Perspectives of potential adopters in Hong Kong. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 92, 921-936.
2018 Li, J, Lo, K and Zhang, P. Shopping mobility and travel carbon emissions among suburban residents: lessons from Shenyang city, China. Journal of Spatial Science, 63, 311-323.
2018 Yang, S, Cao, D and Lo, K. Analyzing and optimizing the impact of economic restructuring on Shanghai’s carbon emissions using STIRPAT and NSGA-II. Sustainable Cities and Society, 40, 44-53.
2018 Li, J, Lo, K and Guo, M. Do socio-economic characteristics affect travel behavior? A comparative study of low-carbon and non-low-carbon shopping travel in Shenyang City, China. International Journal of Environment Research and Public Health, 15, 1346.
2018 Lo, K, Mah, DNY, Wang, G, Leung, KHM, Lo, AY and Hills, P (2018). Barriers to adopting solar photovoltaic systems in Hong Kong. Energy & Environment, 29, 649–663.
2018 Lo, K and Wang, M (2018). How voluntary is poverty alleviation resettlement in China? Habitat International, 73, 34-42.
2017 Lo, K. Energy efficiency programs in China, in Solomon, B and Calvert, K (eds), Handbook of the Geographies of Energy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 211-219.
2017 Tan, J, Lo, K, Qiu, F, Liu, W, Li, J and Zhang, P. Regional economic resilience: Resistance and recoverability of resource-based cities during economic crises in Northeast China. Sustainability, 9, 2136.
2017 Liu, D, Lo, K, Song, W and Xie, C.  Spatial patterns of car sales and their socio-economic attributes in China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 684-696.
2017 Li, J, Lo, K, Zhang, P and Guo, M. Relationship between built environment, socio-economic factors and carbon emissions from shopping trip in Shenyang City, China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 722-734.
2017 Lo, K and Wang, M. Low-carbon (re-)industrialization: Lessons from China, in Nawratek, K (eds), Urban Re-Industrialization, Punctum Books, Brooklyn, 149-158.
2017 Tan, J, Zhang P, Lo, K, Li, J and Liu, S. Conceptualizing and measuring economic resilience of resource-based cities: Case study of Northeast China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 471-481.
2017 Tong, W, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Chen, T and Gao, R. Age-differentiated impact of land appropriation and resettlement on landless farmers: A case study of Xinghua village, China. Geographical Research, 55, 293-304.
2017 Lo, K. Renewable energy development in Hong Kong: Potential, progress, and barriers. Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 4, 50-55.
2017 Lo, K. Grassroots environmentalism and low-carbon cities, in Dhakal, S and Ruth, M (eds.), Creating Low Carbon Cities, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 43-50.
2017 Lo, K. Asian energy challenges in the Asian century. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 1, 1-6.
2016 Guo, F, Lo, K and Tong, L. Eco-efficiency analysis of industrial systems in the Songhua River basin: A decomposition model approach. Sustainability, 8, 1271.
2016 Tan, J, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Li, J and Liu, S. The urban transition performance of resource-based cities in Northeast China. Sustainability, 8, 1022.
2016 Li, J, Lo, K, Zhang, P, Guo, M. Consumer travel behaviors and transport carbon emissions: A comparative study of commercial centers in Shenyang, China. Energies, 9, 765.
2016 Lo, K, Xue, L, Wang, M. Spatial restructuring through poverty alleviation resettlement in rural China. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 496–505.
2016 Li, H, Lo, K, Wang, M, Zhang, P, Xue, L. Industrial energy consumption in Northeast China under the revitalisation strategy: A decomposition and policy analysis. Energies9, 549.
2015 Li, J, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Guo, M, Wang, M. Reducing carbon emissions from shopping trips: Evidence from China. Energies, 8, 10043-10057.
2015 Wang, M and Lo, K. Displacement and resettlement with Chinese characteristics: An editorial introduction. Geography Research Forum, 35, 1-9.
2015 Lo, K. Governing China’s clean energy transition: Policy reforms, flexible implementation and the need for empirical investigation. Energies, 8, 13255-13264.
2015 Lo, K. How authoritarian is the environmental governance of China? Environmental Science and Policy, 54, 152-159. (download)
2015 Lo, K, Li, H and Wang, M. Energy conservation in China’s energy-intensive enterprises: An empirical study of the Ten-Thousand Enterprises Program. Energy for Sustainable Development, 27, 105-111.
2015 Li, H, Lo, K and Wang, M. Economic transformation of mining cities in transition economies: Lessons from Daqing, Northeast China. International Development Planning Review, 37, 311-328.
2015 Yang, S, Wang, C, Lo, K, Wang, M and Liu, L. Quantifying and mapping spatial variability of Shanghai household carbon footprints. Frontiers in Energy, 9, 115-124.
2015 Lo, K. The “Warm Houses” program: Insulating existing buildings through compulsory retrofits. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 9, 63-67.
2015 Lo, K. Campus sustainability in Chinese higher education institutions: Focuses, motivation and challenges. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16, 34-43.
2015 Lo, K, Wang, M, Qin, B and Han, S. Low carbon city development in China, in Han, S, Green, R and Wang, M (eds.), Towards Low Carbon Cities in China: Urban Forms and Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Routledge, Oxon, 21-50.
2015 Lo, K and Wang, M. Low carbon policies and programs in China, in Han, S, Green, R and Wang, M (eds.), Towards Low Carbon Cities in China: Urban Forms and Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Routledge, Oxon, 51-75.
2014 Lo, K. Urban carbon governance and the transition towards low-carbon urbanism: Review of a global phenomenon. Carbon Management, 5, 269-283.
2014 Lo, K. China’s low-carbon city initiatives: The implementation gap and the limits of the target responsibility system. Habitat International, 42, 236-244.
2014 Liu, S, Zhang, P and Lo, K. Urbanization in remote areas: A case study of the Heilongjiang Reclamation Area, Northeast China. Habitat International, 42, 103-110.
2014 Lo, K. A critical review of China’s rapidly developing renewable energy and energy efficiency policies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29, 508-516.
2014 Lo, K. Low carbon governance in China: Barriers and solutions. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 34, 265-271.
2014 Lo, K. Energy-related carbon emissions of China’s model environmental cities. Geography Journal, 2014, 1-7.
2014 Tong, W, Yang, Q, Zhang, P, Lo, K and Han, R. The impact of economic development on the environment and the applicability of the environmental Kuznets curve in Jilin province. Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 7, 732-737.
2013 Lo, K. Deliberating on the energy cap in China: The key to a low-carbon future? Carbon Management, 4, 365-367.
2013 Lo, K. Energy conservation in China’s higher education institutions. Energy Policy, 56, 703-710.
2013 Lo, K and Wang, M. Energy Conservation in China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period: Continuation or Paradigm Shift? Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 18, 499-507.
2013 Lo, K. Approaching neighborhood democracy from a longitudinal perspective: An eighteen-year case study of a homeowner association in Beijing. Urban Studies Research, 2013, 1-10.
2013 Lo, K and Wang, M. The development and localisation of a foreign gated community in Beijing. Cities, 30, 186-192.
2013 Liu, S, Zhang, P, Jiang, X and Lo, K. Measuring sustainable urbanization in China: A case study of the coastal Liaoning Area. Sustainability Science, 8, 585-594.
2013 Lo, K. Interested but unsure: Public attitudes toward electric vehicles in China. Electronic Green Journal, 36, 1-12.
Edited Journal Issues
2017 Lo, K. Regional renewable energy (China). Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 4.
2015 Wang, M and Lo, K. Special issue: Displacement and resettlement with Chinese characteristics. Geography Research Forum, 35.
Book Reviews
2019 Lo, K. Politics of renewable energy in China. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 59, 1-3.
2015 Lo, K. Energy efficiency: The definitive guide to the cheapest, cleanest, fastest source of energy. Energy Technology, 3, 667.
2014 Lo, K. Chinese perspectives on the environment and sustainable development. Asian Studies Review, 38, 695-696.
2013 Lo, K. Small, gritty, and green: The promise of America’s smaller industrial cities in a low-carbon world. Electronic Green Journal, 36, 1-2.
2013 Lo, K. Cities and climate change. Traffic, 13, 199-201.
Other Publications
2016 Lo, K and Lo, A. China’s plan to increase coal power by 20% is not the climate disaster it seems. The Conversation.

Presentations

Invited Talks
2018 Rethinking environmental authoritarianism in China’s climate governance. Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, University of Melbourne, April 12.
2017 Spatio-temporal dynamics and evolution of urban energy transition: Foshan’s distributed solar energy development. School of Geographical Science, Northeast Normal University, June 15.
2017 Towards a spatio-evolutionary perspective of urban energy transition: Case study of distributed PV in Foshan. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, June 12.
2016 Publishing in SCI/SSCI journals: The importance of linking to larger theoretical questions. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, July 18.
Conference Presentations
2019 Climate experimentation and the limits of top-down control: local variation of climate pilots in China. The Third Asian Energy Conference: Diversity in Urban Energy Transitions in Asia: Trajectories, Governance and Policy Innovations, Hong Kong, 3 July.
2019 How Voluntary is Poverty Alleviation Resettlement in China? RSA Annual Conference, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 5-7 June.
2017 HK Solar Map as a tool for facilitating the adoption of PV systems in Hong Kong. Fall Symposium on Digital Humanities 2017, Hong Kong, October 27.
2017 China’s photovoltaics poverty alleviation initiative: Can renewable energy be pro-poor? Governance for Sustainable Energy Transitions: The Perspectives of the Asian-Pacific Region, Hong Kong, July 16.
2017 The dynamic balance (no net loss) of arable land policy and linked urbanization in China. Institute of Australian Geographers Conference, Brisbane, July 11-14.
2017 Poverty alleviation resettlement and spatio-economic restructuring in rural China. Regional Studies Association 2nd Australasia Conference, Sydney, July 3-5.
2016 How authoritarian is China’s low-carbon governance? A local perspective. 33rd International Geographical Congress, Beijing, August 21-25.
2014 China’s low-carbon governance: authoritarian or neoliberal? 2nd Young Scholars’ Conference on China Studies, Hong Kong, December 15-16.
2014 Authoritarian environmentalism and China’s climate governance. Hong Kong Geography Day 2014, Hong Kong, November 22.
2013 Who does what in the low-carbon transformation of Chinese cities? International Conference of China’s Urban Transformation and Restructuring, Guangzhou, December 13-15.
2013 Decarbonisation of industry in China: Key local actors and challenges. 2013 Melbourne-Renda International Conference, Melbourne, August 12-13.
2013 Learning from abroad: Policy transfer in China’s climate change policy.  Chinese Studies Association of Australia Conference, Hobart, July 9-11.
2013 Uneven actions and conflicting incentives: The roles of local government in China’s climate change governance. Institute of Australian Geographers Conference, Perth, July 1-3.
Departmental Talks
2020 Climate change, policy innovation, and Chinese environmental authoritarianism: Involving local governments in exploratory and incremental experimentation. Department of Geography Public Seminar, Hong Kong Baptist University, March 17.
2016 Comparing two types of involuntary resettlement in rural China: the cases of Xinghuacun and Chenjiadiancun. Faculty Research Colloquium, Hong Kong Baptist University, December 5.
2015 The localisation of global climate governance. Department of Geography Public Seminar, Hong Kong Baptist University, February 26.
2013 Sustainability in Chinese higher education institutions. Chinese Studies Research Group Seminar, University of Melbourne, November 1.

Teaching

Courses Taught
2020- Sustainable Community Energy Planning
2014- Energy Audit and Carbon Management
2014- Renewable Energy System and Technology
2014- Research Methods and Statistics
2014-2019 Global Energy Development
2011-2014 China in Transition
2014 China Field Class
2011 Reshaping Environments
2011 Understanding Asia
Research Student Supervision
2018- Zhu Liyuan, PhD Candidate
2018- Liu Minsi, PhD Candidate
2019- Geng Qingge, PhD Candidate
2020- Yang Yiqun, PhD Candidate
2020- Wang Xinxin, PhD Candidate

Service

Journal Editorship
2017- Founding Editor, Journal of Asian Energy Studies.
2016- Section Editor, Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports.
2015- Review Editor, Frontiers in Energy Research.
2013- Editorial Board Member, AIMS Energy.
2014 Guest Editor, Geography Research Forum.
Journal Review

Agricultural Economics, Asian Geographer, Atmospheric Pollution Research, Carbon Management, Cities, Energies, Energy Policy, Energy Research & Social Science, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Environment, Development and Sustainability, Eurasian Geography and Economics, Global Environmental Change, Habitat International, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Journal of Integrative Agriculture, Journal of Cleaner Production, Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications, Journal of Urbanism, Land Use Policy, Landscape and Urban Planning, Policy Studies, Review of Policy Research, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review, Sustainability, Sustainable Cities and Society, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, Urban Studies Research, Research of Agricultural Modernization.

Conference Organization

HEAVEN Symposium: Transdisciplinary Research on Complex Environmental Health Problems, Hong Kong Baptist University, October 21-22, 2019.

The Third Asian Energy Conference: Diversity in Urban Energy Transitions in Asia: Trajectories, Governance and Policy Innovations, Hong Kong Baptist University, July 3, 2019.

Transdisciplinary symposium on environmental health and social sciences, Hong Kong Baptist University, May 24-25, 2019.

The Second Asian Energy Conference: Governance for Sustainable Energy Transitions: The Perspectives of the Asian-Pacific Region, Hong Kong Baptist University, July 17, 2017.

The First Asian Energy Conference: Smart Grids, Sustainability Transition, and Innovation in Governance, Hong Kong Baptist University, November 2, 2015.

Grant Review

Research Grants Council of Hong Kong

Media Appearance
2020 Pearl Magazine, Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB)
2019 Pearl Magazine, Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB)
2019 News Magazine, Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB)
2018 News Magazine, Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB)
2018 Backchat, Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK)
2017 The Pearl Report, Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB)
2017 The Pulse, Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK)